This Policy has been prepared by Special Olympics Canada and is a Pan-Canadian Policy applicable to Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters. This document cannot be modified by a Chapter without consultation and approval from Special Olympics Canada.

EFFECTIVE DATE: December 6, 2017

LAST REVISED:  Sept 1, 2020

Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters recognize the recent development of the Universal Code of Conduct to Prevent and Address Maltreatment in Sport (UCCMS). Since the UCCMS may continue to evolve in the foreseeable future, this Code of Conduct and Ethics incorporates the key elements of the current version of the UCCMS.


1. The following terms have these meanings in this Code:

a) Abuse” – see the definition of “Maltreatment” below.

b) “Chapter” – means the Provincial or Territorial Special Olympics organization recognized by Special Olympics Canada as a provincial or territorial governing body of Special Olympics.

c) “Organization” – Special Olympics Canada or the Chapter of jurisdiction 

d) “Discrimination” – Differential treatment of an individual based on one or more prohibited grounds which include race, citizenship, national or ethnic origin, colour, religion, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity or expression, marital status, family status, genetic characteristics, or disability.

e) “Harassment” – A course of vexatious comments or conduct against an Individual or group, which is known or ought to reasonably be known to be unwelcome. Types of behaviour that constitute Harassment include, but are not limited to:

i. Written or verbal abuse, threats, or outbursts;

ii. Persistent unwelcome remarks, jokes, comments, innuendo, or taunts;

iii. Racial harassment, which includes racial slurs, jokes, name calling, or insulting behaviour or terminology that reinforces stereotypes or discounts abilities because of racial or ethnic origin;

iv. Leering or other suggestive or obscene gestures;

v. Condescending or patronizing behaviour which is intended to undermine self-esteem, diminish performance or adversely affect working conditions;

vi. Practical jokes which endanger a person’s safety, or may negatively affect performance;

vii. Hazing, which is any form of conduct which exhibits any potentially humiliating, degrading, abusive, or dangerous activity expected of a junior-ranking individual by a more senior individual, which does not contribute to either individual’s positive development, but is required to be accepted as part of a team or group, regardless of the junior-ranking individual’s willingness to participate. This includes, but is not limited to, any activity, no matter how traditional or seemingly benign, that sets apart or alienates any teammate or group member based on class, number of years on the team or with the group, or ability;

viii. Unwanted physical contact including, but not limited to, touching, petting, pinching, or kissing;

ix. Deliberately excluding or socially isolating a person from a group or team;

x. Persistent sexual flirtations, advances, requests, or invitations;

xi. Physical or sexual assault;

xii. Behaviours such as those described above that are not directed towards a specific person or group but have the same effect of creating a negative or hostile environment; and 

xiii. Retaliation or threats of retaliation against a person who reports harassment

f) “Individuals” – means all categories of individual membership defined in the Bylaws of Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter, as well as all individuals employed by, or engaged in activities with, Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter including, but not limited to, employees, contractors, athletes, coaches, mission staff, chefs de mission, officials, volunteers, managers, administrators, committee members, parents or guardians, and directors and officers.

g) “Maltreatment” – A volitional act by an Individual that results in harm or the potential for physical or psychological harm to another Individual, and includes any of the following behaviours or conduct:

i. Psychological Maltreatment: any pattern or single serious incident of deliberate conduct that has the potential to be harmful to the psychological well-being of an Individual. Psychological Maltreatment is determined by the objective behaviour, and not whether harm is intended or results from the behaviour. It includes:

a. Verbal Acts: verbally assaulting or attacking an Individual, including but not limited to unwarranted personal criticisms; body shaming; derogatory comments related to an Individual’s identity (e.g., race, gender identity or expression, ethnicity, Indigenous status, or ability/disability); comments that are demeaning, humiliating, belittling, intimidating, insulting or threatening; the use of rumours or false statements about an Individual to diminish their reputation; using confidential sport and non-sport information inappropriately. Verbal Maltreatment may also occur in online forms.

b. Non-assaultive Physical Acts (no physical contact): physically aggressive behaviours, including but not limited to throwing objects at or in the presence of others without striking another; hitting, striking or punching objects in the presence of others.

c. Acts that Deny Attention or Support: acts of commission that deny attention, lack of support or isolation including but not limited to ignoring psychological needs or socially isolating an Individual repeatedly or for an extended period of time; abandonment of an Athlete as punishment for poor performance; arbitrarily or unreasonably denying feedback, training opportunities, support or attention for extended periods of time and/or asking others to do the same.

ii. Physical Maltreatment: any pattern or single serious incident of deliberate conduct that has the potential to be harmful to the physical well-being of an Individual. Physical Maltreatment is determined by the objective behaviour, and not whether harm is intended or results from the behaviour. It includes, without limitation:

a. Contact behaviours: including but not limited to deliberately punching, kicking, beating, biting, striking, strangling or slapping another; deliberately hitting another with objects.

b. Non-contact behaviours: including but not limited to isolating an Individual in a confined space; forcing an Individual to assume a painful stance or position for no athletic purpose (e.g., requiring an athlete to kneel on a hard surface); the use of exercise for the purposes of punishment; withholding, recommending against, or denying adequate hydration, nutrition, medical attention or sleep; denying access to a toilet; providing alcohol to an Individual under the legal drinking age; providing illegal drugs or non-prescribed medications to an Individual; encouraging or knowingly permitting an Athlete to return to play prematurely following any injury or after a concussion and without the clearance of a medical professional; encouraging an athlete to perform a skill for which they are known to not be developmentally ready.

iii. Sexual Maltreatment, including, but not limited to, any act targeting an Individual’s sexuality, gender identity or expression, that is committed, threatened or attempted against that person, and includes but is not limited to the Criminal Code offences of sexual assault, sexual exploitation, sexual interference, invitation to sexual touching, indecent exposure, voyeurism and non-consensual distribution of sexual/intimate images. Sexual Maltreatment also includes sexual harassment and stalking, cyber harassment, and cyber stalking of a sexual nature. Examples of Sexual Maltreatment include, but are not limited to:

a. Any penetration of any part of a person’s body, however slight, with any object or body part by a person upon another person, including but not limited to:

1. vaginal penetration by a penis, object, tongue, or finger; and

2. anal penetration by a penis, object, tongue, or finger.

b. Any intentional touching of a sexual nature of any part of a person’s body, however slight, with any object or body part by a person upon another person, including but not limited to:

1. kissing;

2. intentional touching of the breasts, buttocks, groin or genitals, whether clothed or unclothed, or intentionally touching of another with any of these body parts;

3. any contact, no matter how slight, between the mouth of one person and the genitalia of another person;

4. making a person touch themselves or someone else with or on any of the body parts listed in 2); and

5. any intentional touching in a sexualized manner.

iv. Neglect: any pattern or a single serious incident of lack of reasonable care, inattention to an Individual’s needs, nurturing or well-being, or omissions in care. Neglect is determined by the objective behaviour but the behaviour must be evaluated with consideration given to the Individual’s needs and requirements, not whether harm is intended or results from the behaviour. Neglector acts of omission, include without limitation, not providing an athlete recovery time and/or treatment for a sport injury; not being aware of and not considering an Individual’s physical or intellectual disability; not considering supervision of an athlete during travel, training or competition; not considering the welfare of the athlete when prescribing dieting or other weight control methods; disregarding the use of prohibited substances by an Athlete; failure to ensure safety of equipment or environment; allowing an Athlete to disregard sport rules, regulations, and standards, or subjecting Individualsto the risk of Maltreatment.

v. Grooming: includes, without limitation, deliberate conduct by an Individual to sexualize a relationship with a Minor, and which includes making inappropriate behaviour seem normal and gradually engaging in ‘boundary violations’ which have been professionally-identified to Canadian standards (e.g., a degrading remark, a sexual joke, sexualized physical contact; adult participants sharing rooms with a Minor who is not an immediate family member; providing a massage or other purported therapeutic interventions with no specific training or expertise; private social media and text communications; sharing personal photographs; shared use of locker rooms; private meetings; private travel, and providing gifts).

vi. Interference with or manipulation of process:

a. An adult Individual violates the Code of Conduct and Ethics by directly or indirectly interfering with a process instituted pursuant to this Code or any other policy by:

a. falsifying, distorting, or misrepresenting information, the resolution process, or an outcome;

b. destroying or concealing information;

c. attempting to discourage an Individual’s proper participation in or use of the Organization’s or a Chapter’s processes;

d. harassing or intimidating (verbally or physically) any person involved in the Organization’s or a Chapter’s processes before, during, and/or following any proceedings;

e. publicly disclosing an Individual’s identifying information, without the Individual’s agreement;

f. failing to comply with any temporary or provisional measure or any final sanction;

g. distributing or otherwise publicizing materials an Individual gains access to during any investigation or hearing, except as required by law or as expressly permitted; or

h. influencing or attempting to influence another Individual to interfere with or manipulate the process.

vii. Retaliation: An Individual shall not take an adverse action against any other Individual for making a good faith report of possible Maltreatment or for participating in any process found in a policy. Retaliation includes threatening, intimidating, harassing, coercing or any other conduct that would discourage a reasonable person from engaging or participating in Special Olympics Canada’s or a Chapter’s processes. Retaliation after the conclusion of investigation and sanction processes is also prohibited. Retaliation may be present even where there is a finding that no Maltreatment occurred. Retaliation does not include good-faith actions lawfully pursued in response to a report of possible Maltreatment.

viii. Aiding and Abetting:

a. Any act taken with the purpose of facilitating, promoting, or encouraging the commission of Maltreatment by a participant. Aiding and Abetting also includes, without limitation, knowingly:

a. allowing any person who has been suspended or is otherwise ineligible to be in any way associated with sport or to coach or instruct Individuals;

b. providing any coaching-related advice or service to an Athlete who has been suspended or is otherwise ineligible; and

c. allowing any Individual to violate the terms of their suspension or any other sanctions imposed.

ix. Failure by an adult Individual to report actual or suspected Maltreatment of a Minor: This obligation is ongoing and is not satisfied by making an initial report; instead, this obligation includes reporting to Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter, on a timely basis, all relevant information that the adult participant is or becomes aware of, and requires making a direct report to Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter. Any report shall include the personally identifying information of the potential Minor complainant (to the extent known), and any such information learned at a later date.

x. Failure to report inappropriate conduct: Any Individual who suspects or becomes aware of another Individual’s inappropriate conduct, even if it is not defined as Maltreatment, has a duty to report such inappropriate conduct to Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter. Individuals in positions of trust and authority who become aware of another Individual’s inappropriate conduct have a responsibility for reporting the concern within their organization’s policies and procedures.

xi. Intentionally filing a false allegation of maltreatment: An allegation is false if the events or conduct reported did not occur and the Individual making the report knows that the events or conduct did not occur. An individual shall not be considered to have filed a false allegation in cases where the allegation cannot be substantiated by supporting evidence but was nevertheless filed in good faith.

h) “Minor” – Any Individual who is under the age of majority at the time in the jurisdiction where the alleged Maltreatment has occurred. Adults are responsible for knowing the age of a minor. For the purpose of protection in each Canadian province and territory, the age of a minor is defined as follows:

i. 16 years old: Newfoundland and Labrador; Saskatchewan; Northwest Territories; Nunavut

ii. 18 years old: Prince Edward Island; Quebec; Ontario; Manitoba; Alberta

iii. 19 years old: Nova Scotia; New Brunswick; British Columbia; Yukon.

i) “Person in Authority” – Any Individual who holds a position of authority within Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter including, but not limited to, coaches, instructors, officials, managers, support personnel, chaperones, committee members, volunteers, parents/guardians and Directors and Officers

j) “Workplace” - Any place where business or work-related activities are conducted. Workplaces include but are not limited to, Special Olympics Canada or Chapter offices, home offices, work-related social functions, work assignments outside the offices, work-related travel, the training and competition environment, and work-related conferences or training sessions

k) “Workplace Harassment” – Vexatious comment or conduct against a worker in a Workplace that is known or ought reasonably to be known to be unwelcome. Workplace Harassment should not be confused with legitimate, reasonable management actions that are part of the normal work/training function, including measures to correct performance deficiencies, such as placing someone on a performance improvement plan, or imposing discipline for workplace infractions. Types of behaviour that constitute Workplace Harassment include, but are not limited to:

i. Bullying;

ii. Workplace pranks, vandalism, bullying or hazing;

iii. Repeated offensive or intimidating phone calls, emails, texts or other social media;

iv. Inappropriate sexual touching, advances, suggestions or requests;

v. Displaying or circulating offensive pictures, photographs or materials in printed or electronic form;

vi. Psychological abuse;

vii. Excluding or ignoring someone, including persistent exclusion of a person from work-related social gatherings;

viii. Deliberately withholding information that would enable a person to do his or her job, perform or train;

ix. Sabotaging someone else’s work or performance;

x. Spreading malicious rumours;

xi. Intimidating words or conduct (offensive jokes or innuendos); and

xii. Words or actions which are known or should reasonably be known to be offensive, embarrassing, humiliating, or demeaning.

l) “Workplace Violence” – the use of or threat of physical force by a person against a worker in a Workplace that causes or could cause physical injury to the worker; an attempt to exercise physical force against a worker in a Workplace that could cause physical injury to the worker; or a statement or behaviour that it is reasonable for a worker to interpret as a threat to exercise physical force against the worker in a Workplace that could cause physical injury to the worker. Types of behaviour that constitute Workplace Violence include, but are not limited to:

i. Verbal or written threats to attack;

ii. Sending to or leaving threatening notes or emails;

iii. Physically threatening behaviour such as shaking a fist at someone, finger pointing, destroying property, or throwing objects;

iv. Wielding a weapon in a Workplace;

v. Hitting, pinching or unwanted touching which is not accidental;

vi. Dangerous or threatening horseplay;

vii. Physical restraint or confinement;

viii. Blatant or intentional disregard for the safety or wellbeing of others;

ix. Blocking normal movement or physical interference, with or without the use of equipment;

x. Sexual violence; and

xi. Any attempt to engage in the type of conduct outlined above.



2. The purpose of this Code is to ensure a safe and positive environment within Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters’ workplaces, programs, activities, and events by making Individuals aware that there is an expectation, at all times, of appropriate behaviour. Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters support equal opportunity, prohibit discriminatory practices, and are committed to providing an environment in which all individuals are treated with respect and fairness. 


Application of this Code

3. This Code applies to Individuals’ conduct during Special Olympics Canada or its Chapter’s workplaces,  business, activities, and events including, but not limited to, competitions, tournaments, practices, tryouts, training camps, travel associated with Special Olympics Canada or Chapter activities, fundraising events, all meetings of Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter, and any other Special Olympics Canada or Chapter meetings. 

4. This Code also applies to Individuals’ conduct outside of Special Olympics Canada or Chapter business, activities, and events when such conduct adversely affects relationships within Special Olympics Canada or its Chapter(s) (and its work and sport environment) and is detrimental to the image and reputation of Special Olympics Canada or the Chapter. Such applicability will be determined by Special Olympics Canada or the Chapter, as applicable, at its sole discretion.

5. This Code applies to Individuals active in sport or who have retired from sport where any claim regarding a potential breach of this Code occurred when the Individual was active in sport.

6. In addition, breaches of this Code may occur when the Individuals involved interacted due to their mutual involvement in sport or, if the breach occurred outside of the sport environment, if the breach has a serious and detrimental impact on the Individual(s).



7. An Individual who violates this Code in any context may be subject to sanctions pursuant to the Discipline and Complaints Policy. In addition to facing possible sanctions pursuant to the Discipline and Complaints Policy, an Individual who violates this Code during a competition may be ejected from the competition or the playing area, and the Individual may be subject to sanctions pursuant to that competition’s policies. An employee in breach of this Code are subject to Special Olympics Canada or the Chapter of jurisdictions Human Resource Policies and Procedures.



8. Individuals have a responsibility to:

a) Maintain and enhance the dignity and self-esteem of Individuals and other persons by:

i. Focusing comments, criticism or disciplinary actions appropriately 

ii. Demonstrating the spirit of sportsmanship, sport leadership, and ethical conduct

iii. Acting, when appropriate, to correct or prevent practices that are unjustly discriminatory

iv. Treating individuals fairly and reasonably

v. Adhering to Special Olympics Canada and Chapter rules and policies and the spirit of those rules and policies.

b) Refrain from any behaviour that constitutes Harassment, Workplace Harassment, Sexual Harassment, Workplace Violence, Discrimination, or any form of Maltreatment.

c) Abstain from the non-medical use of drugs.

d) Refrain from associating with any person for the purpose of coaching, training, competition, instruction, administration, management, athletic development, or supervision of the sport, who has incurred an anti-doping rule violation and is serving a sanction involving a period of ineligibility imposed pursuant to the Canadian Anti-Doping Program and/or the World Anti-Doping Code and recognized by the Canadian Centre for Ethics in Sport (CCES).

e) Refrain from the use of power or authority in an attempt to coerce another person to engage in inappropriate or unwanted activities.

f) Refrain from consuming tobacco products, cannabis, or recreational drugs while participating in Special Olympics programs, activities, competitions, or events.

g) In the case of minors, not consume alcohol, tobacco, or cannabis at while participating in Special Olympics programs, activities, competitions, or events.

h) In the case of adults, not consume cannabis in the Workplace or in any situation associated with Special Olympics events (subject to any requirements for accommodation), not consume alcohol during competitions and in situations where minors are present, and take reasonable steps to manage the responsible consumption of alcohol in adult-oriented social situations associated with the Special Olympics events.

i) Respect the property of others and not wilfully cause damage.

j) Promote the sport in the most constructive and positive manner possible.

k) When driving a vehicle with an Individual:

i. Not have his or her license suspended;

ii. Not be under the influence of alcohol, cannabis, or illegal drugs or substances; and

iii. Have valid car insurance.

l) Adhere to all applicable federal, provincial, municipal and host country laws.

m) Refrain from engaging in deliberate cheating which is intended to manipulate the outcome of a  competition and/or not offer or receive any bribe which is intended to manipulate the outcome of a competition.

n) Comply, at all times, with the applicable bylaws, policies, procedures, and rules and regulations of Special Olympics Canada and the applicable Chapter, as adopted and amended from time to time.

o) Report to Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter any ongoing criminal investigation, conviction, or existing bail conditions involving yourself, including, but not limited to, those for violence, child pornography, or possession, use, or sale of any illegal substance.



9. In addition to section 8 (above) volunteers have additional responsibilities. Volunteers are a critical part of the organization and the organization’s success is directly related to volunteers carrying out their assigned responsibilities. Volunteers will: 

a) Act with honesty and integrity while carrying out any assigned responsibilities;

b) Comply with both the letter and the spirit of any training or orientation provided by Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters;

c) Take responsibility for actions and decisions. Follow reporting lines to facilitate the effective resolution of problems;

d) Prudently manage and allocate assets and resources, both financial and material;

e) Abide by applicable conflict of interest and confidentiality policies;

f) Use inoffensive language; and

g) Dress professionally, neatly, and inoffensively.

10. Volunteers will not: 

a) Exceed the authority of assigned position;

b) Encourage athletes to consume illegal drugs, alcohol, cannabis, recreational drugs or performance-enhancing drugs; or 

c) Engage in a sexual or intimate relationship with an athlete.



11. In addition to section 8 (above), coaches have many additional responsibilities. The coach-athlete relationship is a privileged one and plays a critical role in the personal, sport, and athletic development of the athlete. Coaches must understand and respect the inherent power imbalance that exists in this relationship and must be extremely careful not to abuse it, consciously or unconsciously.  Coaches will: 

a) Ensure a safe environment by selecting activities and establishing controls that are suitable for the age, experience, ability, and fitness level of the involved athletes;

b) Prepare athletes systematically and progressively, using appropriate time frames and monitoring physical and psychological adjustments while refraining from using training methods or techniques that may harm athletes;

c) Avoid compromising the present and future health of athletes by communicating and cooperating with medical professionals in the diagnosis, treatment, and management of athletes’ medical and psychological treatments;

d) Support the coaching staff of a training camp, provincial/territorial team, or national team, should an athlete qualify for participation with one of these programs;

e) Provide athletes (and the parents/guardians of Minor athletes) with the information necessary to be involved in the decisions that affect the athlete;

f) Act in the best interest of the athlete’s development as a whole person;

g) Meet the screening requirements and coaching credentials, as required by Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters;

h) Respect athletes competing for other jurisdictions and, in dealings with them, not encroach upon topics or actions which are deemed to be within the realm of 'coaching', unless after first receiving approval from the coaches who are responsible for the athletes;

i) Recognize the power inherent in the position of coach and respect and promote the rights of all participants in sport. This is accomplished by establishing and following procedures for confidentiality (right to privacy), informed participation, and fair and reasonable treatment. Coaches have a special responsibility to respect and promote the rights of participants who are in a vulnerable or dependent position and less able to protect their own rights;

j) Dress professionally, neatly, and inoffensively; and

k) Use inoffensive language.

12. Coaches will not: 

a) Exceed the authority of assigned position;

b) Provide athletes with, or promote, encourage or condone the use by athletes of illegal drugs, recreational drugs, alcohol, cannabis, or performance enhancing substances or methods; or 

c) Engage in a sexual or intimate relationship with an athlete. 



13. In addition to section 8 (above), athletes (with the assistance of their caregivers when necessary) will have additional responsibilities to:

a) Report any medical problems in a timely fashion, when such problems may limit their ability to travel, practice, or compete;

b) Participate and appear on-time and be prepared to participate to their best abilities in all competitions, practices, training sessions, tryouts, tournaments, and events;

c) Properly represent themselves and not attempt to participate in a competition for which they are not eligible by reason of age, classification, or other reason;

d) Adhere to Special Olympics Canada and Chapter rules and requirements regarding clothing and equipment;

e) Never ridicule another participant for a poor performance or practice;

f) Act in a sportsmanlike manner and not display appearances of violence, foul language, or gestures to other players, officials, coaches, spectators, or participants;

g) Dress in a manner representative of Special Olympics Canada and its Chapters, focusing on neatness, cleanliness, and discretion;

h) Act in accordance with Special Olympics Canada and Chapter policies and procedures and, when applicable, additional rules as outlined by coaches, managers, volunteers or staff; and

i) Not use illegal drugs, alcohol, cannabis, recreational drugs or performance enhancing substances or methods during any Special Olympics events including but not limited to: training, competitions, camps fundraising events, or when representing Special Olympics Canada at an event hosted by another organization.


Directors, Committee Members, and Staff

14. In addition to section 8 (above), the Conflict of Interest Policy, and the Confidentiality Policy, the Directors, Committee Members, and Staff will have additional responsibilities to:

a) Ensure their loyalty prioritizes the interests of Special Olympics Canada or a Chapter, as applicable;

b) Act with honesty and integrity and conduct themselves in a manner consistent with the nature and responsibilities of the organization and the maintenance of Individuals’ confidence;

c) Ensure that SOC/Chapter financial affairs are conducted in a responsible and transparent manner with due regard for all fiduciary responsibilities;

d) Conduct themselves openly, professionally, lawfully and in good faith;

e) Be independent and impartial and not be influenced by self-interest, outside pressure, expectation of reward, or fear of criticism;

f) Behave with decorum appropriate to both circumstance and position;

g) Exercise the degree of care, diligence, and skill required in the performance of their duties pursuant to applicable laws;

h) Respect the confidentiality appropriate to issues of a sensitive nature;

i) Respect the decisions of the majority and resign if unable to do so;

j) Commit the time to attend meetings and be diligent in preparation for, and participation in, discussions at such meetings; and

k) Have a thorough knowledge and understanding of all governance documents.




15. In addition to section 8 (above), officials will have additional responsibilities to:

a) Maintain and update their knowledge of the rules and rules changes;

b) Work within the boundaries of their position’s description while supporting the work of other officials;

c) Act as an ambassador of Special Olympics by agreeing to enforce and abide by national and provincial/territorial rules and regulations;

d) Take ownership of actions and decisions made while officiating;

e) Respect the rights, dignity, and worth of all individuals;

f) Not publicly criticize other officials or any club or association;

g) Act openly, impartially, professionally, lawfully, and in good faith;

h) Be fair, equitable, considerate, independent, honest, and impartial in all dealings with others;

i) Respect the confidentiality required by issues of a sensitive nature, which may include ejections, defaults, forfeits, discipline processes, appeals, and specific information or data about Individuals;

j) Honour all assignments unless unable to do so by virtue of illness or personal emergency, and in these cases inform the assignor or Special Olympics Canada or Chapter at the earliest possible time;

k) When writing reports, set out the true facts; and

l) Dress in proper attire for officiating.



Parents/Guardians and Spectators

16. In addition to section 8 (above), parents/guardians and spectators have additional responsibilities to:  

a) Encourage athletes to participate within the rules and to resolve conflicts without resorting to hostility or violence;

b) Condemn the use of violence in any form;

c) Never ridicule a participant for making a mistake during a performance or practice;

d) Provide positive comments that motivate and encourage participants’ continued effort;

e) Respect the decisions and judgments of officials, and encourage athletes to do the same;

f) Never question an official’s or staff member’s judgment or honesty;

g) Support all efforts to remove verbal and physical abuse, coercion, intimidation, and sarcasm;

h) Respect and show appreciation to all participants, and to the coaches, officials and other volunteers; and

i) Not harass participants, coaches, officials, parents/guardians, or other spectators.


17.Chapters will:

a) Adhere to Special Olympics Canada’s governing documents and, where necessary, amend their own rules to comply or align with those of Special Olympics Canada;

b) Recognize that their websites, blogs and social media accounts may be seen as extensions of Special Olympics Canada and other Chapters and must reflect Special Olympics Canada’s mission, vision and values;

c) Ensure that all athletes, coaches and volunteers participating in sanctioned competitions and events are registered and in good standing;

d) Have well-defined staff and volunteer recruitment and hiring practices and standards in place including interviews, reference checks, and screening procedures to ensure athletes have a healthy and safe sport environment;

e) Ensure that any possible or actual misconduct is investigated promptly and thoroughly;

f) Impose appropriate disciplinary or corrective measures when misconduct has been substantiated, regardless of the position or authority of the offender;

g) Advise Special Olympics Canada immediately of any situation where a complainant has or stated an intention to publicize a complaint in the media; and

h) Provide Special Olympics Canada with a copy of all decisions rendered pursuant to the organization’s policies for complaints and appeals.


Subjecting an Individual to Maltreatment

18. It is a violation of this Code for any Person in Authority to place an Individual in a situation that makes them vulnerable to Maltreatment. This includes, but is not limited to, instructing an Athlete and a coach to share a hotel room when traveling, hiring a coach who has a past history of Maltreatment, assigning guides and other support staff to an Athlete when the guide or support staff has a reputation for Maltreatment, or assigning such a guide or support staff to an Athlete in the absence of consultation with the Athlete and their parent/guardian.

Signed at ___________________________ ______ day of ________________, 20____


__________________________                             _______________________________

Witness:                                                                      Athlete/Volunteer



__________________________                             _______________________________

Witness:                                                           Parent/Guardian of person under age of majority

                                                                             or lacking legal capacity to consent